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Navigating Cross-Border Estates: Managing Property in Quebec with an Ontario Will


When someone passes away and they own property in one jurisdiction but have created their Will in another jurisdiction, it can lead to some legal complexities. In this case, with property in Quebec and a Will made in Ontario, it’s important to consider the following:

Probate Jurisdiction: The jurisdiction where the deceased person’s Will is probated generally depends on the deceased’s primary residence at the time of death. If the primary residence is in Ontario, the Will would typically be Probated in Ontario. However, this does not mean that the Will cannot be recognized in other jurisdictions where the deceased owned property.

Quebec Civil Law: Quebec operates under a civil law system, which is distinct from the common law system in the rest of Canada. This means that the laws regarding Inheritance, Probate, and Wills in Quebec may differ from those in Ontario. It’s important to ensure that the Will complies with the legal requirements of both jurisdictions.

Legal Advice: It is advisable to seek legal advice from professionals specializing in Estate Planning and Probate in both Ontario and Quebec. They can guide you through the specific legal requirements and potential challenges associated with cross-jurisdictional estates.

Dual Wills: Some individuals with assets in multiple jurisdictions choose to create separate Wills for each jurisdiction. This can help address the differences in legal systems and simplify the probate process in each jurisdiction.

International Wills: There are also international Wills that aim to provide a standardized format for Wills that can be recognized in multiple jurisdictions. However, it’s essential to check the local laws to ensure compliance.

Foreign Legal Assistance: Executors and beneficiaries may need to engage legal assistance in both Ontario and Quebec to navigate the probate process smoothly and ensure the proper distribution of assets.

Ultimately, the specifics will depend on the details of the individual case, and it is crucial to consult with legal professionals to address the unique circumstances and legal requirements involved.

Feel free to reach out to Peter any time, if you need help.


Check out our Comprehensive Guide to Crafting A Will in Ontario


Want more information?

Are you interested in a consultation with Peter R. Welsh?
Contact me at Peter@SmartWills.ca
By telephone 416-526-3121
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This material is for general information and educational purposes only. Information is based on data gathered from what we believe are reliable sources. It is not guaranteed as to accuracy, does not purport to be complete and is not intended to be used as a primary basis for investment decisions.